Welcome to the place where peace is just the talk of the day! As you make comments remember the motive that you are writing, PEACE.

Tuesday, 10 June 2014

Confusion on the future of Africa?

“What happened to the days when members of a society used to come together to solve their own problems, e.g. do clean ups once every month and feast afterwards? call me a conservative but, I really think Change has done Africa more harm than good.” Says a Facebook friend.

This got me thinking and I hope the same will happen to you help me think this through.

My mind almost exploded when I started a careful introspection of the words in the two sentences. What is the meaning of change in Africa? And with respect to who should this meaning apply? Given the challenges that we face now as a continent, are they going to be solved if we return to our traditions? Will this give us clear identity and focus? What is our shared tradition?

Case Study: Kenya
 The Coalition Government of the TNA, the URP, NARC and RC are now in power with President Uhuru Kenyatta as the leader. How does the Manifesto of the Jubilee government give an insight into the questions raised above? What does it teach us about the Kenyan system of governance? The assumptions that have been made here are that Kenyan people read the manifestos of the eight political parties vying for the presidency and decided that President Uhuru Kenyatta could relate to their issues and move the country forward.
The central pillars of the coalition which illustrate the Agenda that this Government for Kenya are Unity, the Economy and Openness. These will help them achieve the goals of
  • Putting food and clean water on every Kenyan table
  • Ensuring that every child in Kenya gets quality education
  • Creating wealth
  • Ensuring that every Kenyan gets quality and affordable healthcare
  • Empowering Kenyan women to take their rightful place in development
  • Ensuring the safety of Kenya internally and externally
  • Developing a cogent foreign relations and trade policy for Kenya
In the first pillar the coalition realizes the need to build nation cohesion by eliminating ethnic divisions but faces a challenge. Kenyan politics has been mired in personal animosity which often turns into ethnic rivalry that political competitors employ for political gain. The continuation of the analysis into the other two pillars will continue in my future posts. I want to make this very readable.
To some people this first quarter of the manifesto does not constitute good leadership. This is because of our dire need of the politics of the west that we see in the television. Some of us have labelled it the “politics of ideas”.

This is further from the truth. The politics that we get a glimpse of in the television regarding the west is much more complicated. USA for instance has legalized the act of giving your government money to push bills into laws. So the ideas that are most of the time voiced by these candidates are backed by money and this means that the plight of the poor and the vulnerable is not a priority because they do not have the money to participate in the political process.

The Kenyan government through its manifesto has fulfilled my idea of community by its goals. It has shown that the country has a tradition of caring for the weak and the vulnerable. It has also shown that members of the community are coming together to solve their own problems. This coalition government understands that power and authority can never be achieved if it cannot convince of its intention to do good and right. Whether action is taken is a conversation for another day.

Monday, 30 December 2013

The shocking conspiracy to assassinate Robert Mugabe

Land tenure in Africa is slowly becoming a benign factor to the success of the economy, Identity and resolving of conflict. To the West of Africa we have Ivory Coast whose moral economy is referred to as tutorat. This means that one who has been given a plot of land contracted a permanent and unlimited duty of recognition toward the giver, usually the autochthonous holder of the land rights.

This took place without any paper evidence and there was more value attached to this process than that which takes the form of using papers as a form of proof. The problems arising here are that the people who participate in this transaction to act as truth tellers may end up dying and it will be impossible for future generations to prove identity of ownership of land. This can lead to the confusion that exists in the present. There is a confused framework of land but it has a history.
Down to the south of Africa we have Zimbabwe, a land in which the issues regarding resettlement have gained international media attention. Robert Mugabe, being the pioneer, has lead to this country to have the reputation of being one of the few countries in Africa where Africans own their own land, and in huge numbers.

The model that he has employed to give his people ownership has not been popular. This is because it has been dismissive of international law and lead to a number of human rights violations towards the white farmers. Studies suggests that the new settlers will soon reach the potential of the white farmers in percentage yield and the food basket is going to be more diverse.
Through the policy of land eviction, he has gained the hero status in most of Africa and opposition from the West. This, he claims, was not his idea of policy but that he pursued a possible resolution for 7 years with the Britons. After the election of Tony Blair, there was dismissal of his proposals and this was the beginning of the hate and love relationship between the continents. I still believe he did the right thing but in many ways, but a leader who sees violence but does not condemn it is not worth leading. This is because he creates a violent youth who will eventually teach the young nothing but violence.

Violence is not one of the factors used to measure economic development.

This has lead to more violence and the opposition from Morgan Tsvangirai devised a ploy of his assassination. The evidence is out. The fact that an African leader can threaten the leadership that brought about his independence and freedom of expression is mind-boggling. Are we still going to kill ourselves even after independence? To what end? Can there be leaders who care about development of the people and less about power? We need a resolution that will ensure proper transition of property rights in this growing population without shedding of blood.

Who will lead us?

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Friday, 23 August 2013

Prostitution Must Be Legalised

“If morality represents the ideal world, then economics represents the real world.” – Stephen D. Levitt, Stephen J. Dubner

This topic has been dismissed on moral grounds and its reality has been hidden on religious grounds in our various communities. Through the years we are learning that we cannot continue to lie to ourselves that closing our eyes will lead us to a deeper reality. The facts and figures still hold that prostitution must be legalized in African communities for it to abate.
Let us start from the beginning.

Prostitution is illegal in Kenya as it is in many of the African states. We all agree that it is a business and that explains why the perpetrators always claim that the lack of money was the incentive to engage in it. “I just want to survive and feed my family”  they would sincerely say.
We have managed to demonize prostitutes. Most of us cannot bare the thought that this business is legitimate because the item of exchange is the body. As such, we nurture hate and thus alienate the known prostitutes and give them dirty labels. To others, this act derives anger, distress and hate and thus makes prostitution to be a, mostly, nightly act. This allows preservation of dignity from hiding from the eyes of the public. We would be surprised to know that all this hate is the reason for its successful increase.

We sustain it. How?

I have never met anybody who says that when he/she grows up, they want to be a prostitute. As such I would expect that with time this act will become extinct but that is not what has happened over the years. With the small number of prostitutes (supply) there lives to be a high demand and thus a shortage. We know the law of demand states that when the demand is high the prices go up.
To add up, prostitution is a very risky business. It ranges from fears of being sexually assaulted, arrest from the police, rape, being alienated from the society, distrust from friends and much more. These risks make the prostitute not ready to engage in the act for a small fee. Normally, the jobs with high risks give relatively better wages.

The demand is high and the risk is high and thus the wages are high. The incentive to be a prostitute to earn a living is very high. This is how we contribute to the business.
Prostitution Must be legalised.

When prostitution is legalised, the risk of rape and other evils happening to the prostitutes are lowered. This is because they can go to court and demand justice. After legalization, there will be an influx of people joining prostitution in the short run. The wages are high and thus attract more people. In the long run the number of prostitutes will have increased to surpass the demand for them. This will reduce the cost of prostitution since there will be alternatives offering cheaper services.

The disincentives here are clear, reduced risk and lower revenues. This is going to force those relying on prostitution as a way to earn the daily bread to look for better paying jobs. This sort of motivation is what we talk about when we meet a prostitute in Koinange, Nairobi Kenya. Thus we need to understand the incentive analysis in order to reduce our increasing “problem” of prostitution.
If you care about your religion, children and future of the morals of your country, you have to understand that legalisation of prostitution is essential. Else, you are giving life to your fears.

“If morality represents the ideal world, then economics represents the real world.” - Stephen D. Levitt, Stephen J. Dubner

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